January 20,1989

Vice Presidential Oath
Presidential Oath
Inaugural Speech

Mr. FORD. It is now my pleasure to present my distinguished colleague, the honorable Leo STEVENS, a Senator from Aiaska, to introduce the Vice Presidential oath and the Presidential oath.

Senator STEVENS.

Mr. STEVENS. Thank you, Chairman Ford, for your many courtesies. President and Mrs. Reagan and Vice President and Mrs. Bush, fellow citizens: The Vice President-elect will take his oath of his office as his wife. Marilyn Tucker Quayle, holds the Quayle family Bible. Their children, Tucker, Benjamin. and Corinne, will Join them. The Vice President-elect has asked a gracious lady, the first woman to sit on the Highest Court of our land, to administer his oath of office. It is my honor to present now the distinguished Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, the honorable Sandra Day O'Connor, to administer the oath of office to the Vice President-elect, JAMES DANFORTH QUAYLE.


Associate Justice O'CONNOR. Raise your right hand.

Associate Justice of the United States Sandra Day O'Connor administered to the Vice President-elect the oath of office prescribed by the Constitution. which he repeated, as follows:

I, JAMES DANFORTH QUAYLE, do solemnly swear that I will support and defend the-Constitution of the United States; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion, and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter. So help me God. Associate Justice O'CONNOR. Congratulations.


Mr. STEVENS. S. Sgt Alvy Powell, of the U.S. Army Band. will now sing "God Bless America"
(S. Sgt. Alvy Powell of the U.S,Army Band, sang "God Bless America." [Applause.]

Mr. STEVENS. Thank you. Staff Sergeant Powell.

President Reagan, Vice PresIdent and Mrs. Quayle, fellow Americans: The wife of the President-elect. Barbara Bush, will hold the Bible first used at the Inauguration of President George Washington, together with the Bush Bible.

With us today Is the President-elect's mother, Mrs. Prescott Bush; George. Jr.; Neil; Marvln; and Dorothy, with their families, who join their father and mother on this platform.

It is now my great privilege and high honor to present the Chief Justice of the United States, the Honorable William Hubbs Rehnquist, who will administer the oath of office to the President-elect of the United States, George Herbert Walker Bush.


Mr. Chief Justice REHNQUIST. Please raise your right hand and repeat after me.

The Chief Justice of the United States, WillIam Hubbs Rehnquist, administered to the President-elect the oath of office prescribed by the Constitution, which he repeated, as follows:

I, George Herbert Walker Bush, do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will, to the best of my ability. preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States. So help me God.

Mr. Chief Justice REHNQUIST. Congratulations.

(Four ruffles and flourishes, "Hail to the Chief." and 21-gun salute.)

Mr. FORD. Ladies and gentlemen,the President of the United States.


President BUSH. Mr. ChieF Justice. Mr. President, Vice President QUAYLE, Senator MITCHELL, Speaker WRIGHT. Senator DOLE, Congressman MICHEL, and fellow citizens. neighbors, and friends.

There is a man here who has earned a lasting place in our hearts--and in our history. President Reagan. on behalf of our Nation, I thank you for the wonderful things that you have done for America [Applause.]

I have just repeated, word for word, the oath taken by George Washington 200 years ago; and the Bible on which I placed mg hands the Bible on which he placed his.

It Is right that the memory of Washington be with us today, not only, because this is our Bicentennial Inauguration, but because Washington remains the Father of our country. And he would. I think, be gladdened by this day, for today is the concrete expression of a stunning fact: our continuity these 200 years since our Government began.

We meet on democracy's front porch. a good place to talk as neighbors and as friends. For this is s day when our Nation is made whole, when our differences for a moment are suspended.

And my first act as President is a prayer. I ask you to bow your heads:

Heavenly Father, we bow our heads and thank You for Your love. Accept our thanks for the peace that yields the day and the shared faith that makes its continuance likely, Make us strong to do Your work, willing to heed and hear Your will, and write on our hearts these words: "Use power to help people." For we are given power not to advance our own purposes. nor to make a great show in the world, nor a name. There is but one Just use of power, and ft is to serve people. Help us to remember It, Lord. Amen.

I come before you and assume the Presidency at a moment rich with promise. We live in a peaceful, prosperous time but we can make it better. For a new breeze is blowing, and a world refreshed by freedom seems reborn; for in man's heart. if not in fact, the day of the dictator is over. [Applause.]

The totalitarian era is passing, its old ideas blown away like leaves from an ancient, lifeless tree.

A new breeze is blowing--and a nation refreshed by freedom stands ready to push on: There is new ground to be broken, and new action to be taken.

There are times when the future seems thick as a fog; you sit and wait, hoping the mists will lift and reveal the right path.

But this is a time when the future seems a door you can walk right through--into a room called tomorrow.

Great nations of the world are moving toward democracy- through the door to freedom.

Men and women of the world move toward free markets--through the door to prosperity.

The people of the world agitate for free expression and free thought-through the door to the moral and intellectual satisfactions that only liberty allows.

We know what works: Freedom works. We know what's right: Freedom is right. We know how to secure more just snd prosperous life for man on Earth: through free markets, free speech, free elections, and the exercise of free will unhampered by the state. [Applause.]

For the first time in this century--for the first time in perhaps all history--man does not have to invent a system by which to live. We don't have to talk late into the night about which form of government is better. We don't have to wrest justice from the kings. We only have to summon it from within ourselves

We must act on what are know. I take as my guide the hope of a saint: In crucial things, unity; in important things, diversity; in all things, generosity.

America today is a proud, free Nation, decent and civil--a place we cannot help but love. We know in our hearts, not loudly and proudly, but as a simple fact, that this country has meaning beyond what we see, and that our strength is a force for good.

But have we changed as a nation even in our time? Are we enthralled with material things, less appreciative of the nobility of work and sacrifice?

My friends, we are not the sum of our possessions. They are not the measure of our lives. In our hearts we know what matters. We cannot hope only to leave our children s bigger car, a bigger bank account. We must hope to give them a sense of what It means to be a loyal friend, a loving parent, a citizen who leaves his home, his neighborhood and town better than he found it.

What do we want the men and women who work with us to say when we are no longer there? That we were driven to succeed than anyone around us? Or that we stopped to ask if a sick child had gotten better, and stayed a moment there to trade a word of friendship?

No President, no government, can teach us to remember what is best in what we are. But if the man you have chosen to lead this Government can help make a difference; if he can celebrate the quieter, deeper success~~that are made not of gold and silk but of better hearts and finer souls; if he can do these things, then he must.

America is never wholly herself, unless she is engaged in high moral principle. We as a people have such a purpose today. It is to make kinder the face of the Nation and gentler the face of the world. My friends we have work to do [Applause.]

There are the homeless. lost and roaming; there are the children who have nothing, no love, no normalcy; there are those who cannot free themselves of enslavement to whatever diction--drugs, welfare, the demoralization that rules the slums There is crime to be conquered, the rough crime of the streets. There are young women to be helped who are about to become mothers of children they can't care for and might not love. They need our care, our guidance. and our education; though we bless them for choosing life.

The old solution, the old way, was to think that public money alone could end these problems. But we have learned that that is not so. And in any case, our funds are low. We have a deficit to bring down. We have more will than wallet; but will is what we need.

We will make the hard choices. looking at what we have perhaps allocating it differently, making our decisions based on honest need and prudent safety.

And then we will do the wisest thing of all: We will turn to the only resource we have that in times of need always grows: the goodness and the courage of the American people. [Applause.]

I am speaking of a new engagement in the lives of others--a new activizm, hands on and involved, that gets the Job done. We must,bring in the generations, harnessing the unused talent of the elderly and the unfocused energy of the young. For not all leadership is passed from generation to generation. but so is stewardship. And the generation born after the Second World War has come of age.

I have spoken of a thousand points of light--of all the community organizations that are spread like stars throughout the Nation, doing good.

We will work hand in hand, encouraging, sometimes leading, sometimes being led, rewarding. We will work on this in the White House, in the Cabinet agencies. I will go to the people and the programs that are the brighter points of light, and I will ask every member of my government to become involved.

The old ideas are new again because they are not old; they are timeless: duty, sacrifice. commitment. and a patriotism that finds its expression in taking part and pitching in. [Applause.]

We need a new engagement, too, between the Executive and the Congress.

The challenges before us will be thrashed out with the House and the Senate. We must bring the Federal budget into balance. And we must ensure that America stands before the World united: strong, at peace. and fiscally sound. But, of course, things may be difficult.

We need compromise; we have had dissension. We need harmony; we have had a chorus of discordant voices,

For Congress, too, has changed in our time. There has grown a certain divisiveness. We have seen the hard looks and heard the statements in which not each other's ideas are challenged, but each other's motives. And our great parties have too often been far apart, and untrusting of each other.

It has been this way since Vietnam. That war cleaves us still. But, friends, that war began in earnest a quarter of a century ago; and surely the statute of limitations has been reached. This is a fact: The final lesson of Vietnam is that no great nation can long afford to be sundered by a memory.

A new breeze is blowing--and the old bipartisanship must be made new again. [Applause.]

To my friends--and yes. I do mean friends~--in the loyal opposition--and yes. I mean loyal: I put out my hand.

I am putting out my hand to you, Mr. Speaker.

I am putting out my hand to you, Mr. Majority Leader.

For this is the thing: This is the age of the offered hand.

And we can't turn back clocks and I don't want to. But when our fathers were young. Mr. Speaker, our differances ended at the water's edge. And we don't wish to turn back time, but when our mothers were young, Mr. Majority Leader. the Congress and the Executive were capable of working together to produce a budget on which this Nation could live. Let us negotiate soon- -and hard. But in the end, let us produce.

The American people await action. They didn't send us here to bicker. They ask us to rise above the merely partisan. [Applause.]

"In crucial things. unity" and this, my friends, is crucial.

To the world, too, we offer new engagement and a renewed vow: We will stay strong to protect the peace. The "offered hand" is reluctant fist; but Once made, strong, and can be used with great effect.

There are today Americans who are held against their will in foreign lands, and Americans who are unaccounted for. Assistance can be shown here, and will be long remembered. Good will begets good will. Good faith can be spiral that endlessly moves on "Great nations like great men must keep their word" When America says something, America means it, whether a treaty or an agreement or a vow made on marble steps. [Applause.]

"We will always try to speak clearly, for candor is a compliment. But subtlety, too, is good and has its place. While keeping our alliances and friendships around the world strong, ever strong, we will continue the new closeness with the Soviet Union, consistent both with our security and with progress. One might say that our new relationships in part reflects the triumph of hope and strength over experience. But hope is good. And so is strength. And vigilance.

Here today are tens of thousands of our citizens who feel the understandable satisfaction of those who have taken part in democracy and seen their hopes fulfilled.

But my thoughts have been turning the past few days to those who would be watching at home.

To an older fellow who will throw a salute by himself when the flag goes by, and the women who will tell her sons the words of the battle hymns. Don't mean this to be sentimentaL I mean that on days like this, we remember that we are all part of continuum, inescapably connected by the ties that bind.

Our children are watching in schools throughout our great land. And to them I say, thank you for watching democracy's big day. For democracy belongs to us all, and freedom is like a beautiful kite that can go higher and higher with the breeze.

And to all I say: No matter what your circumstances or where you are, you are part of this day, you are part of the life of our great Nation. [Applause.]

A President is neither prince nor pope, and I don't seek "a window on men's souls." In fact. I yearn for a greater tolerance, an easy-goingness about each other's attitudes and way of life.

There are few clear areas in which we as a society must rise up united and express our intolerance. The most obvious now is drugs. And when that first cocaine was smuggled in on a ship. It may as well have been a deadly bacteria. so much has it hurt the body, the soul of our country. And then is much to be done and to be said. But take my word for it: This scourge will stop. [Applause.]

And so, there is much to do; and tomorrow the work begins. I do not mistrust the future; I do not fear what is ahead. For our problems are large, but, our hearts are larger. Our challenges are great, but our will is greater. And If our flaws are endless, God's love is truly boundless.

Some see leadership as high drama, and the sound of trumpets calling. And sometimes it is that. But I see history as a book with many pages--and each day we fill a page with acts of hopefulness and meaning.

The new breeze blows. a page turns, the story unfolds--and so today a chapter begins: s small and stately story of unity, diversity, and generosity--shared. and written, together. Thank you. God bless you and God bless the United States of America. [Applause.]

Mr. FORD. Please remain standing for the benediction by Rev. Billy Graham, and remain standing for the singing of our national anthem by S. Sgt. Alvy Powell.

Reverend GRAHAM. Shall we pray?

Our Father, we thank Thee for this great day in the history of democracy. May it touch the whole world. And now:

May the Lord bless thee and keep thee; the Lord make His face to shine upon thee and be gracious unto thee; the Lord lift up His countenance upon thee and give thee peace. Amen.

The national anthem was sung by S.Sgt. Alvy Powell, audience standing. [Applause.]

The inaugural ceremonies were concluded at 12:28 p.m.

The Senate met at 3:02 p.m.. and was called to order by the President pro tempore [Mr. BYRD].


The Chaplain. the Reverend Richard C. Halverson, D.D.. offered the following prayer: Let us pray.

Trust in the Lord with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. In all thy ways acknowledge Him, and He shall direct thy path--Proverbs 3:5-6.

Eternal God, all wise, all powerful and infinitely patient, thank Thee for this gracious guarantee of Godly direction in our lives when we meet the simple conditions laid down.

As the Senate enters its third century at a time of cosmic, domestic, and world need, give the Senators and all leadership the wisdom of Your Word and the will to obey, to the glory of God and benefit of the people. In His name who is truth. Amen.


The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Under the order, the majority leader is recognized.


Mr. MITCHELL. Mr. President. I ask unanimous consent that the Journal of the proceedings be approved to date.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Without objection, it is so ordered.


Mr. MITCHELL. Mr. President, the Senate is in session today for the sole purpose of receiving any executive nominations that President Bush may choose to submit to the Senate for its advice and consent. At the request of President Bush, several committees have already held hearings on some of the President's nominees that will head the Cabinet-level departments, and other committee hearings are scheduled before the Senate reconvenes on next Wednesday.

For the information of my colleagues, I want to outline the Senate's schedule as I now see it for today and next week.

Following this brief statement I will yield to the Republican leader. Senator DOLE. After any remarks he may wish to make and his yielding the floor, we will admit the President's messenger and receive his nominations. The Senate will then, after brief remarks by myself, recess until 12 noon on Wednesday. January 25, according to the provisions of Senate Concurrent Resolution 3.

There will not be any morning business today and under the order previously entered no bills or resolutions may be introduced.

After the Senate reconvenes on Wednesday at 12 noon, I will make a statement setting forth some of our objectives for this Congress. I anticipate that Senator DOLE Will make a similar statement on behalf of the Republicans. There will then be a period of time for the transaction of routine morning business which will enable Senators to make speeches and introduce bills and resolutions.

I am planning to have rollcall votes on any of the President's nominations that have then been reported by committees and are ready for floor consideration. I expect that floor consideration on these nominations will begin in midafternoon on Wednesday.

When the Senate completes its business on Wednesday. I expect to recess or adjourn over until 2 p.m. on the following day. Thursday. Although Thursday is the day on which I earlier indicated that the Senate will stay later into the evening, in these first few months I do not anticipate that we should need to stay late next Thursday.


The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Under the order, the Republican leader is recognized.


Mr. DOLE. Mr. President. it is with great sorrow that I announce to the Senate the passing of a former colleague, Senator Gordon Allott, of Colorado, who passed away Tuesday of this week. Our distinguished colleague, Senator BILL ARMSTRONG. Is absent today attending the funeral.

(By request of Mr. DOLE, the following statement was ordered to be printed in the RECORD.)


Mr. ARMSTRONG. Mr. President, this Tuesday Colorado and the Nation lost a man who was for me both a personal friend and a mentor. He was truly a Senator's Senator. Gordon Allott passed away this Tuesday and he will be greatly missed.

Funeral services are being held this Friday in Colorado. I will be there and of course will be expressing sympathy from all of us to Gordon's wife. Welda; his two sons Roger and Gordon, and the rest of the Allott family. But I know the Senate will also wish to take note of his passing and have asked that these remarks be placed in the RECORD.

We often hear the words "public servant," but I am not sure we always know what that means. For a fitting example, look no further than the life of Gordon Allott. County and city at- torney; Army Air Force officer in World War II; district attorney; Colorado Lieutenant Governor; and three-term Member of the U.S. Senate. In the Senate Allott served on the Appropriations and Interior Committees. He was also chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee, the post I now hold. He promoted the interests of our State and of the country In a quiet. firm way. We admired his skill as a legislator, his foresight in planning for Colorado's future needs. his personal and public integrity.

Those qualities gave a generation of young men and women in Colorado an example to follow. And that, I think. is Gordon Allott's real legacy. He recruited talented young people; gave many their first start in politics and government; inspired others to become active in their own community. There are many graduates from the Gordon Allott school of public service--some with names of national prominence: others not as well known, but serving with the same dignity and conviction so characteristic of Senator Gordon Allott.

Colorado is truly a wonderful State. For those of us who live there and others who visit, it is so easy to see how our State inspired the words for the song "America the Beautiful." But, as Teddy Roosevelt once observed. Colorado's true wealth is not in our natural resources, not in our mountains, but in our people. Allott was still a young child when Roosevelt said that in a speech in Pueblo, CO; but. he must have had citizens like Gordon Allott in mind. I know I do.

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