USDC Cr. No. 84-3552
THOMAS v. REAGAN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
v. Civil Action No. 84-3552
UNITED STATES, et al .
JUN 5, 1986
This action is now before the Court On plaintiff’s Amended Complaint.
After numerous efforts by plaintiff and the Court the plaintiff is now
proceding pro se With no imminent prospect of legal representation. By
order of April 9, 1986, plaintiff was required to complete a statement
of claim regarding each named defendant Plaintiff affirms that his
case is about a conspiracy to deprive [him] of [his] civil rights, in
violation of federal law. Statement of Claim (filed April 22,1986)
(quoting Memorandum to the Court at 1, filed April 2, 1986).
Plaintiff lists each defendant and each act allegedly undertaken by that
defendant in furtherance of the alleged conspriacy . This detail
provides defendants with the efinite statement required by Fed. R. Civ.
Plaintiffs Statement of Claim, as well as the allegations
previously found to be potentially meritorious, indicate that
plaintiff’s claim involves two discrete issues. Unless good cause is
shown, pretrial discovery and trial shall be limited to the following
(1) Whether any of the named defendants conspired to deprive
plaintiff of his civil rights, in violation of federal law; and
(2) Whether any of the defendants individually committed any
unconstitutional acts toward plaintiff, specifically whether any
defendants "committed unconstitutional excesses in their efforts to
arrest plaintiff pursuant to local statutes and DOI regulations."
memorandum and Order at 2 (filed June 3, 1985). ("In particular,
plaintiff claims that his literature, tools, signs and camera have been
improperly seized and destroyed by Park Service and District of Columbia
police.") (citations sic original complaint omitted).
Both of these general claims appear potentially moratorious, and
warrant further discovery by plaintiff. Plaintiff should be aware,
however, that any particular allegation regarding any particular
defendant is susceptible to disposition by motion if, on its face, it
fails to state a claim against the defendant or if, after discovery,
plaintiff is unable to support the alleged act with evidence or
Plaintiff has now filed two motions for summary judgment. He is
unable, however, to establish that the facts necessary to demonstrate
defendants' liability are undisputed. Plaintiff's motions are premature.
The appropriate next step in this litigation is for the parties to
engage in controlled discovery. 'through discovery, plaintiff should
attempt to gather facts to support his claims, and to narrow his claims
to those he can support. Because plaintiff’s claims involve numerous
defendants and he is proceeding pro se, it is irnportant that
discovery be closely supervised. This action will be referred to United
States Magistrate Arthur Burnett for supervision of discovery and
pretrial proccedings. the Magistrate should review all of plaintiff's
discovery requests to ensure that the discovery is reasonably necessary
for plaintiff to pursue his case and not unduly burdensome. Depositians
should also be taken under the Magistrate's supervision.
Accordingly. it is this 4th day of June. 1986. hereby
ORDERED: that the federal defendants' motion to dismiss (filed Dec.
6, 1985, should be, and hereby is, DENIED, without prejudice to a
renewed motion to dismiss regarding particular claims against particular
defendants and it is further
ORDERED: that the federal defendants' motion for a more definite
statement should be, and hereby is, DENIED as moot; and it is further
ORDERED: that the federal defendants' motion for judgment on the
administrative record should be, and hereby is, DENIED as moot, without
prejudice to defendants' renewing the motion should the facial
constitutionality of the park regulations again become relevant or to
defendants' reciting arguments evidence contained in the motion as part
of their proof that the adoption of the regulations was not an act in
furtherance of a conspiracy to violate plaintiff’s civil rights; and it
ORDERED: that plaintiff's motions for summary judgment (filed Jan 30
and May 13, 1986) should be, and hereby are, DENIED without prejudice to
a renewed motion after discovery
should it then appear that certain material facts are undisputed; and it
ORDERED: that pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Q 636(b)(i)(A), this action is
referred to a United States Magistrate Arthur Burnett for entry of a
scheduling order, supervision of discovery conduct of a pretrial
conference, and entry of a pretrial order on or before September 15,
1986; and it is further
ORDERED: that all discovery requests and responses shall be filed on
or before August 18, 1986, unless otherwise ordered by the Magistrate
consistent with this pretrial Order; and it is further
ORDERED: that all dispositive motions, in order to be considered by
the Court, shall be filed on or before
August 22, 1986. Hearings on such motion, when necessary, shall be
noticed to the parties and held in Courtroom No. 3, U.S. Courthouse, 3rd
& Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C.; and it is further
ORDERED: that a status call shall be held at 10:00 A.M. on September
25, 1986, in Courtroom No. 3; and it is further
ORDERED: that trial shall commence at 9:30 A.M. on October 20, 19~6,
in Courtroom No. 3, to continue for 5 days; and it is further
ORDERED: that each of the parties shall file, on or before
September 12, 1386, a trial brief as follows:
1. A statement of the facts which have been stipulated to and are
therefore no longer in dispute.
2. A statement of material facts with respect to which there is a
3. Copies of all exhibits which will be introduced at trial,
plaintiffs' exhibits to be marked and indexed numerically, defendants'
exhibits to be marked and indexed numerically. Counsel shall obtain from
the Courtroom Clerk stickers for premarking exhibits. The original
exhibits may be retained by counsel.
4. A list of the exhibits which each party intends to offer into
evidence, including notations with respect to each exhibit as to
whether the opposing Party (a) objects to authenticity, (b) objects to
admissibility (and the basis for the objection). Counsel shall obtain
forms for listing exhibits from the Courtroom Clerk.
5. A list of the witnesses each party intends to call at trial
(in the order in which they are expected to, testify), a brief summary
of the testimony expected from each witness, and the estimated time
required for the witness' (a) direct testimony, (b) cross-examination.
6. A statement of qualifications and experience of each expert
witness intended to be called at trial, including, where applicable, a
notation that the opposing party objects to the qualifications of a
7. A narrative statement of all facts proposed to be proven, set
forth in simple, declarative sentences. With each statement of fact.
there shall be set forth in parentheses the names of witnesses,
identified portions of depositions, pleadings, exhibits, stipulations,
or other documents to be introduced in proof of such fact.
8. statement of the legal contentions necessary to
establish the party's claim or defense. Such contentions shall be
individually, clearly, and concisely stated in separately numbered
paragraphs. With each paragraph there shall be set forth citation to
legal (authorities supporting the legal contention asserted, with an
asterisk preceding each authority principally relied upon. the text of
any state statutory provision, or of any federal or state regulation
principally relied upon, shall be set out in full in an appendix. Copies
of any non-federal cases principally relied upon, any administrative
decision principally relied upon, or the relevant pages of any other.
legal authority principally relied upon, shall also be provided in a
The party's requested voir dire questions.
The requested jury instructions. Instructions found in the
Standardized Civil Jury Instructions for the District of Columbia be
identified by the number of the instruction. (Each counsel shall bring
to the trial his or her own copy of the Standardized Civil Jury
Instructions for the District of Columbia.) All other requested
instructions shall be numbered and set forth in full text, with one
requested instruction per-page.
Any facts, legal contention, claim or relief, or defense (in whole
or in part), affiirnative matter, voir dire question, or jury
instruction, not set forth as provided Above shall he deemed abandoned,
uncontroverted, or withdrawn (as may be appropriate), notwithstanding the
contents of any pleadings or papers filed in the action, except for-
matters of which a party could not have been, aware in the excersise
of reasonable diligence at the time
the trial brief was filed failure of the party's opponent to cooperate
with respect: to the objections required by paragraphs 4 and 6, or the
period for cross-examination as required by paragraph 5 shall be brought
to the attention of the Court at least five days prior to the scheduled
start of the trial.
If refinement of the facts or issues in the course of preparing
these trial briefs stimulates interest in a settlement, the Court is
available at short notice in writing to assist in that process.
(signed Louis F. Oberdorfer)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
JUNE 4, 1986
Case Listing --- Proposition One ---- Peace Park