This document is prepared out of concern for the treatment of Native american people and, in particular, the Sioux Nation. The land mass promised to the Sioux in the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851, which included parts of what are now five states in theU.S., must be returned. This land was once more reserved for theSioux Nation in the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868. This second treaty dictated that a 3/4 majority vote cast by all the adult males of the Sioux would be required before any of the reserved land could be sold or otherwise relinquished. The treaty also guaranteed peace between the two nations involved in its signing, promising to punish whosoever would break the trust. Both treaties were violated by the U.S. through attacks on the Sioux Nation in 1876 and 1890, attacks which were carried out by the U.S. Army. The Sioux want to see the men responsible for these atrocities punished, appropriate to the First Article of the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868. Specifically, we demand a posthumous removal of the Medals of Honor awarded to the Army commanders at the Battle of Wounded Knee.

The Manypenny Commission Treaty of 1877 is another point of serious contention for the Sioux people and, when objectively viewed, must be considered an illegal treaty. The Chiefs who did sign the Manypenny agreement were duped into ignoring the intentof the 3/4 majority rule agreed upon in Article 12 of the 1868Fort Laramie Treaty. The Sioux do not want the money offered by the Supreme Court for the illegal seizure of this land. The Sioux hold the land sacred: It is not for sale, nor has it ever been legally sold.

In order to practice our religion, we need access to sacred sites within the boundaries of the 1851 and 1868 treaties, namely, our homeland -- THE BLACK HILLS. The Sioux Nation originated in the Black Hills and our ancestors worshiped there for generations. We continue to believe that the Black Hills are the heart of our nation and are of special spiritual value. In 1978, the U.S.recognized some of our religious beliefs by passing access to sacred sites in the Black Hills which are vital to the practiceof our ancient religion.

The Bradley Bill proposes the return of a portion of the BlackHills, along with a monetary settlement, but we are notinterested in reimbursements or any other compensatory offer. The only offer we will accept is the return of the landguaranteed us in the 1851 treaty. Shannon County, home of thePine Ridge Indian Reservation, is the poorest county in the U.S.but we still refuse your money. Spiritual poverty is what wefear more than anything.

In the future, when we make another treaty, let us sit eye to eye, nation to nation, hearing each other's grievances. We must negotiate the unconditional return of our land. We, the Sioux people, must practice our own spirituality in the Black Hills. Return our church so that we can be free to employ our own religion, as free as you ar to practice yours, as promised in the Religious Freedom Act of 1978. THE BLACK HILLS ARE NOT FOR SALE!!! As Crazy Horse said, "You cannot sell the land, which the people walk on".

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