The launching and stationing of communications and other satellites have
presented practical legal problems. The United States has made bilateral
arrangements with other countries for tracking, data acquisition,
communications testing, transmission of meteorological information, and
the launching of satellites for other countries. Advances in space
technology also require further legal developments, particularly with
the growth of commercial operations in space. The more mundane problems
involved in such operations include the patenting of materials and
processes that could be conceived and pursued on space stations,
questions of civil liability and insurance, and matters of contracts and
of export controls. In general, progress in outer space will be best
advanced by having the maximum number of nations participate in space
Edward R. Finch, Jr.
Copyright 1995 by Grolier Electronic Publishing, Inc.
Bibliography: Benko, Marietta, et al., Space Law in the United Nations (1985); Finch, E. R., Jr., and Moore, A. L., Astrobusiness (1984); Galloway, Eilene, Foundations of Space Law (1987); Goldman, N. C., American Space Law (1988) and Space Policy (1992); Hurwitz, G. A., The Legality of Space Militarization (1986); Okolie, C. C., International
Law of Satellite Remote Sensing and Outer Space (1989); Reynolds, G. H., and Merges, R. P., Outer Space (1989); Wassenbergh, H. A., Principles of Outer Space Law in Hindsight (1991).
Compliments of Proposition One Committee