"Knowledge will forever govern ignorance;
and a people who mean to be their own Governors,
must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives."
[Inscription on the Library of Congress, Quote by James Madison]
When framing the Constitution for a democratic society, there were diverse opinions as to the actual wording of the document. Many felt that "Government," as Tom Paine said, "has of itself no rights; they are all together duties" ("The Rights of Man", Part II, chap. 4). James Madison, who introduced what became the "Bill of Rights" in the First Session of Congress, probably thought he answered all objections by the language of the Fourth Resolution, which became the Ninth Amendment:
"The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights,
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people."
(Annals, 1st Cong., 1st sess., I, 456).